[ 登录注册 ]

HTML5

hdu 1080 Human Gene Functions 很霸气的DP

2016-08-17 14:07:11 admin 返回上一页

Problem Description
It is well known that a human gene can be considered as a sequence, consisting of four nucleotides, which are simply denoted by four letters, A, C, G, and T. Biologists have been interested in identifying human genes and determining their functions, because these can be used to diagnose human diseases and to design new drugs for them.

A human gene can be identified through a series of time-consuming biological experiments, often with the help of computer programs. Once a sequence of a gene is obtained, the next job is to determine its function. One of the methods for biologists to use in determining the function of a new gene sequence that they have just identified is to search a database with the new gene as a query. The database to be searched stores many gene sequences and their functions – many researchers have been submitting their genes and functions to the database and the database is freely accessible through the Internet.

A database search will return a list of gene sequences from the database that are similar to the query gene. Biologists assume that sequence similarity often implies functional similarity. So, the function of the new gene might be one of the functions that the genes from the list have. To exactly determine which one is the right one another series of biological experiments will be needed.

Your job is to make a program that compares two genes and determines their similarity as explained below. Your program may be used as a part of the database search if you can provide an efficient one.

Given two genes AGTGATG and GTTAG, how similar are they? One of the methods to measure the similarity of two genes is called alignment. In an alignment, spaces are inserted, if necessary, in appropriate positions of the genes to make them equally long and score the resulting genes according to a scoring matrix.

For example, one space is inserted into AGTGATG to result in AGTGAT-G, and three spaces are inserted into GTTAG to result in –GT--TAG. A space is denoted by a minus sign (-). The two genes are now of equal length. These two strings are aligned:

AGTGAT-G
-GT--TAG

In this alignment, there are four matches, namely, G in the second position, T in the third, T in the sixth, and G in the eighth. Each pair of aligned characters is assigned a score according to the following scoring matrix.

* denotes that a space-space match is not allowed. The score of the alignment above is (-3)+5+5+(-2)+(-3)+5+(-3)+5=9.

Of course, many other alignments are possible. One is shown below (a different number of spaces are inserted into different positions):

AGTGATG
-GTTA-G

This alignment gives a score of (-3)+5+5+(-2)+5+(-1) +5=14. So, this one is better than the previous one. As a matter of fact, this one is optimal since no other alignment can have a higher score. So, it is said that the similarity of the two genes is 14.
 

 

Input
The input consists of T test cases. The number of test cases ) (T is given in the first line of the input. Each test case consists of two lines: each line contains an integer, the length of a gene, followed by a gene sequence. The length of each gene sequence is at least one and does not exceed 100.
 

 

Output
The output should print the similarity of each test case, one per line.
 

 

Sample Input
2
7 AGTGATG
5 GTTAG
7 AGCTATT
9 AGCTTTAAA
 

 

Sample Output
14
21
 

输入

2
7 AGTGATG
5 GTTAG
7 AGCTATT
9 AGCTTTAAA
输出
14
21

题意:两个字符串,每个字符串中都可以插入'-',保证最后两串的长度相等,之后让两串对齐,两串相同位置的字母组成的字符匹配有一个值,问这些值的和最大是多少,是第一题的变形

下图为字符匹配所得价值的表

dp[i][j]表示0到i-1跟0到j-1配对的最大价值

 

状态转移:

①dp[i][j]由dp[i-1][j]转移过来,代价是a[i-1]跟'-'匹配

②由dp[i][j-1]转移过来,代价是b[j-1]跟'-'匹配

③由dp[i-1][j-1]转移过来,代价是a[i-1]跟b[j-1]匹配

[html] 
#include<stdio.h> 
#include<string.h> 
int max[500][500]; 
int map[150][150]; 
void match() 

    map['A']['A']=5;map['A']['C']=-1;map['A']['G']=-2;map['A']['T']=-1;map['A']['-']=-3; 
    map['C']['A']=-1;map['C']['C']=5;map['C']['G']=-3;map['C']['T']=-2;map['C']['-']=-4; 
    map['G']['A']=-2;map['G']['C']=-3;map['G']['G']=5;map['G']['T']=-2;map['G']['-']=-2; 
    map['T']['A']=-1;map['T']['C']=-2;map['T']['G']=-2;map['T']['T']=5;map['T']['-']=-1; 
    map['-']['A']=-3;map['-']['C']=-4;map['-']['G']=-2;map['-']['T']=-1;//map['-']['-']=-3; 

int main() 

    int i,j,t,len1,len2; 
    char q1[500],q2[500]; 
    match(); 
    scanf("%d",&t); 
    while(t--) 
    { 
        scanf("%d %s",&len1,q1+1); 
        scanf("%d %s",&len2,q2+1); 
        memset(max,0,sizeof(max)); 
        max[0][0]=0; 
        for(i=1;i<=len1;i++) 
              //max[i][0]=map[q1[i]]['-'];//哎 这里初始化搞错了 阿弥陀佛 
              max[i][0]=max[i-1][0]+map[q1[i]]['-']; 
        for(j=1;j<=len2;j++) 
        //    max[0][j]=map['-'][q2[j]]; 
              max[0][j]=max[0][j-1]+map['-'][q2[j]]; 
         
        for(i=1;i<=len1;i++) 
            for(j=1;j<=len2;j++) 
            { 
                max[i][j]=(max[i-1][j-1]+map[q1[i]][q2[j]])>(max[i-1][j]+map[q1[i]]['-'])? 
                    (max[i-1][j-1]+map[q1[i]][q2[j]]):(max[i-1][j]+map[q1[i]]['-']); 
                max[i][j]=max[i][j]>(max[i][j-1]+map['-'][q2[j]])?max[i][j]:(max[i][j-1]+map['-'][q2[j]]); 
            }   www.2cto.com
            printf("%d\n",max[len1][len2]); 
 
    } 
    return 0; 
 

 作者:hnust_xiehonghao

点击复制链接 与好友分享!回本站首页

文章来源:http://www.bozhiyue.com/html5/2016/0817/377578.html
返回上一页    返回分类 上一篇:   下一篇:
相关