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Android 中自定义属性(attr.xml,TypedArray)的使用

2016-03-22 16:26:34 admin 返回上一页

在xml 文件里定义控件的属性,我们已经习惯了android:attrs=”" ,那么我们能不能定义自己的属性能,比如:test:attrs=”" 呢?答案是肯定的.
好了我就不卖关子了,直接进入主题。大致以下步骤:
一、 在res/values 文件下定义一个attrs.xml 文件.代码如下:
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一、在res/values文件下定义一个attrs.xml文件.代码如下:







一、在res/values文件下定义一个attrs.xml文件.代码如下:







二、 我们在MyView.java 代码修改如下,其中下面的构造方法是重点,我们获取定义的属性我们R.sytleable.MyView_textColor, 获取方法中后面通常设定默认值(float textSize = a.getDimension(R.styleable.MyView_textSize, 36 ); ), 防止我们在xml 文件中没有定义.从而使用默认值!
获取,MyView 就是定义在 里的名字,获取里面属性用 名字_ 属性 连接起来就可以.TypedArray 通常最后调用 .recycle() 方法,为了保持以后使用该属性一致性!
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public MyView(Context context,AttributeSet attrs)
{
super(context,attrs);
mPaint = new Paint();

TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
R.styleable.MyView);

int textColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.MyView_textColor,
0XFFFFFFFF);
float textSize = a.getDimension(R.styleable.MyView_textSize, 36);

mPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
mPaint.setColor(textColor);

a.recycle();
}
public MyView(Context context,AttributeSet attrs)
{
super(context,attrs);
mPaint = new Paint();

TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
R.styleable.MyView);

int textColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.MyView_textColor,
0XFFFFFFFF);
float textSize = a.getDimension(R.styleable.MyView_textSize, 36);

mPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
mPaint.setColor(textColor);

a.recycle();
}
MyView.java 全部代码如下:
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package com.android.tutor;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.Paint.Style;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.View;
public class MyView extends View {
private Paint mPaint;
private Context mContext;
private static final String mString = “Welcome to Mr Wei’s blog”;

public MyView(Context context) {
super(context);
mPaint = new Paint();
}
public MyView(Context context,AttributeSet attrs)
{
super(context,attrs);
mPaint = new Paint();

TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
R.styleable.MyView);

int textColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.MyView_textColor,
0XFFFFFFFF);
float textSize = a.getDimension(R.styleable.MyView_textSize, 36);

mPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
mPaint.setColor(textColor);

a.recycle();
}
@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onDraw(canvas);
//设置填充
mPaint.setStyle(Style.FILL);

//画一个矩形,前俩个是矩形左上角坐标,后面俩个是右下角坐标
canvas.drawRect(new Rect(10, 10, 100, 100), mPaint);

mPaint.setColor(Color.BLUE);
//绘制文字
canvas.drawText(mString, 10, 110, mPaint);
}
}
package com.android.tutor;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Rect;
import android.graphics.Paint.Style;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.View;
public class MyView extends View {
private Paint mPaint;
private Context mContext;
private static final String mString = “Welcome to Mr Wei’s blog”;

public MyView(Context context) {
super(context);
mPaint = new Paint();
}
public MyView(Context context,AttributeSet attrs)
{
super(context,attrs);
mPaint = new Paint();

TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
R.styleable.MyView);

int textColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.MyView_textColor,
0XFFFFFFFF);
float textSize = a.getDimension(R.styleable.MyView_textSize, 36);

mPaint.setTextSize(textSize);
mPaint.setColor(textColor);

a.recycle();
}
@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onDraw(canvas);
//设置填充
mPaint.setStyle(Style.FILL);

//画一个矩形,前俩个是矩形左上角坐标,后面俩个是右下角坐标
canvas.drawRect(new Rect(10, 10, 100, 100), mPaint);

mPaint.setColor(Color.BLUE);
//绘制文字
canvas.drawText(mString, 10, 110, mPaint);
}
}

三、将我们自定义的MyView 加入布局main.xml 文件中,平且使用自定义属性,自定义属性必须加上:
xmlns:test =”http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/com.android.tutor “蓝色 是自定义属性的前缀,红色 是我们包名.
main.xml 全部代码如下:
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version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"

xmlns:test="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/com.android.tutor"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
>
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="@string/hello"
/>
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
test:textSize="20px"
test:textColor="#fff"
/>

version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"

xmlns:test="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/com.android.tutor"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
>
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="@string/hello"
/>
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
test:textSize="20px"
test:textColor="#fff"
/>


文章来源:http://www.bozhiyue.com/mianshiti/android/2016/0322/5944.html
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