[ 登录注册 ]

语言

poj 2594 Treasure Exploration (二分匹配)

2017-07-14 10:43:40 admin 返回上一页

标签:des   style   class   blog   code   http   

Treasure Exploration
Time Limit: 6000MS Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 6558 Accepted: 2644

Description

Have you ever read any book about treasure exploration? Have you ever see any film about treasure exploration? Have you ever explored treasure? If you never have such experiences you would never know what fun treasure exploring brings to you. 
Recently a company named EUC (Exploring the Unknown Company) plan to explore an unknown place on Mars which is considered full of treasure. For fast development of technology and bad environment for human beings EUC sends some robots to explore the treasure. 
To make it easy we use a graph which is formed by N points (these N points are numbered from 1 to N) to represent the places to be explored. And some points are connected by one-way road which means that through the road a robot can only move from one end to the other end but cannot move back. For some unknown reasons there is no circle in this graph. The robots can be sent to any point from Earth by rockets. After landing the robot can visit some points through the roads and it can choose some points which are on its roads to explore. You should notice that the roads of two different robots may contain some same point. 
For financial reason EUC wants to use minimal number of robots to explore all the points on Mars. 
As an ICPCer who has excellent programming skill can your help EUC?

Input

The input will consist of several test cases. For each test case two integers N (1 <= N <= 500) and M (0 <= M <= 5000) are given in the first line indicating the number of points and the number of one-way roads in the graph respectively. Each of the following M lines contains two different integers A and B indicating there is a one-way from A to B (0 < A B <= N). The input is terminated by a single line with two zeros.

Output

For each test of the input print a line containing the least robots needed.

Sample Input

1 02 11 22 00 0

Sample Output

112

Source

POJ Monthly--2005.08.28Li Haoyuan

 

最小路径覆盖(非最小边覆盖):

     使用最少的边把所有点覆盖=原点数-最大匹配(修改后的图)

注意一种情况:

 5  4

 1-->3

 2-->3

 3-->4

 3-->5

这里其实用2个robots就行了,但未处理过的图得出来的结果却不是,可见这题是要把图处理一下的,我用了floyd,感觉O(n^3)是会TLE的,都是没有。

 1 //1144K    969MS    C++    1024B    2014-06-14 09:27:31 2 #include<stdio.h> 3 #include<string.h> 4 #define N 505 5 int g[N][N]; 6 int match[N]; 7 int vis[N]; 8 int nm; 9 void floyd()10 {11     for(int k=1;k<=n;k++)12         for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)13             for(int j=1;j<=n;j++)14                 if(g[i][k] && g[k][j])15                     g[i][j]=1;16 }17 int dfs(int u)18 {19     for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)20         if(!vis[i] && g[u][i]){21             vis[i]=1;22             if(match[i]==-1 || dfs(match[i])){23                 match[i]=u;24                 return 1;25             }26         }27     return 0;28 }29 int hungary()30 {31     int ret=0;32     memset(match-1sizeof(match));33     for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){34         memset(vis0sizeof(vis));35         ret+=dfs(i);36     }37     return ret;38 }39 int main(void)40 {41     int ab;42     while(scanf("%d%d"&n&m)!=EOF && (n+m))43     {44         memset(g0sizeof(g));45         for(int i=0;i<m;i++){46             scanf("%d%d"&a&b);47             g[a][b]=1;48         }49         floyd();50         printf("%d
"n-hungary());51     }52     return 0;53 }

 

 

poj 2594 Treasure Exploration (二分匹配)布布扣bubuko.com

poj 2594 Treasure Exploration (二分匹配)

标签:des   style   class   blog   code   http   


文章来源:http://www.bozhiyue.com/yuyan/2017/0714/1484308.html
返回上一页    返回分类 上一篇:   下一篇:
相关